Biochemistry Quiz#15 Protein-Energy Malnutrition

1. A 3-year-old child from a resource-limited country is brought to the clinic with a swollen abdomen, edema of the lower extremities, and skin lesions that are described as flaky paint dermatitis. An image of a patient with a similar condition is shown. The child also has a history of recent weight loss and irritability. Which of the following conditions is most likely affecting this child? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 2-year-old child presents with severe muscle wasting, a potbelly appearance, and no edema. An image of a patient with a similar condition is shown. The child's mother reports that the family has been experiencing food shortages for several months. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 2 of 5

3. During a medical mission trip, you encounter a child with protein-energy malnutrition showing signs of hair changes (color and texture), anemia, and lethargy. The child also exhibits some edema. Which of the following laboratory findings is most commonly associated with this condition? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A pediatrician is assessing a 4-year-old child with a history of inadequate food intake. The child is extremely thin, with prominent rib cage and limb bones. The child also has a weakened grip and appears lethargic. No edema is noted on examination. Which intervention should be the priority in treating this child? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A child with a swollen face and limbs, who was previously diagnosed with protein-energy malnutrition, now exhibits peeling skin lesions and discolored hair. The healthcare team is concerned about potential complications. Which of the following complications is of particular concern in this child? 

Question 5 of 5


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