Cardiology Quiz #12: Cardiac Maneuvers and Heart Murmurs

1. A 35-year-old man is evaluated for a heart murmur. While auscultating, the physician asks the patient to perform the Valsalva maneuver. The intensity of the murmur increases. Which of the following murmurs is most likely being heard? 

Question 1 of 5

2. During a physical examination, a physician notes a systolic ejection murmur that decreases in intensity when the patient goes from a squatting to a standing position. Which of the following conditions does this patient most likely have? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 28-year-old woman is evaluated for a heart murmur. The physician notes that the intensity of the murmur increases with handgrip exercise. Which of the following heart murmurs is most likely being identified? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A physician instructs a patient with a diagnosed heart murmur to stand up quickly from a squatting position. The intensity of the murmur significantly decreases. Which of the following conditions is most consistent with this observation? 

Question 4 of 5

5. During a cardiology clinic visit, a 45-year-old man with a known heart murmur undergoes an auscultation examination. The physician notes that the murmur intensifies when the patient transitions from an exhale to an inhale. Which type of murmur is most likely being observed? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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