Cardiology Quiz #21: Capillary Fluid Exchange

1. A 45-year-old male with a history of liver cirrhosis presents to the emergency department with abdominal distension and peripheral edema. Laboratory tests reveal low plasma albumin levels. The decrease in which of the following pressures is most responsible for his peripheral edema? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 60-year-old woman with hypertension is being treated with a medication that reduces plasma volume. This medication most likely causes an increase in which of the following pressures to facilitate fluid movement from the interstitial space into the capillaries? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A patient with severe burns is at risk for hypovolemic shock. The loss of skin integrity leads to increased fluid loss from the body. This fluid loss is primarily due to a disruption in which of the following forces? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A research study is examining the effects of different intravenous solutions on blood volume. One solution being studied increases plasma colloid osmotic (oncotic) pressure. Administration of this solution would likely have which of the following effects on capillary fluid exchange? 

Question 4 of 5

5. During a physiology lecture, medical students learn about the Starling equation, which describes the forces involved in capillary fluid exchange. A patient with kidney disease is discussed, who has hypertension and is treated with antihypertensive medication that lowers systemic blood pressure. This treatment primarily affects which component of the Starling equation? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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