Cardiology Quiz #22: Congenital Heart Diseases

1. A 2-month-old infant is brought to the pediatrician for a routine check-up. On examination, the physician notes a harsh, machinery-like murmur best heard at the left upper sternal border. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 1 of 5

2. During a newborn screening, a 3-day-old infant is found to have cyanosis that worsens with feeding but improves with crying. The infant's oxygen saturation does not improve significantly with 100% oxygen administration. Which of the following congenital heart diseases is most consistent with this presentation? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 5-year-old child is diagnosed with a congenital heart defect characterized by four abnormalities: pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, an overriding aorta, and a ventricular septal defect. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A neonate is diagnosed with a congenital heart defect that results in a left-to-right shunt. Which of the following conditions would most likely present with this hemodynamic abnormality? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 1-year-old child presents with failure to thrive and frequent respiratory infections. On examination, a loud, harsh holosystolic murmur is heard at the left lower sternal border. Which of the following congenital heart diseases is most likely responsible for these findings? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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