Cardiology Quiz #23: Hypertension

1. A 55-year-old man with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus presents to his primary care physician for a routine check-up. His blood pressure is measured at 145/95 mmHg on two separate occasions. According to the current guidelines, which of the following is the most appropriate initial pharmacological treatment for this patient? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 68-year-old woman with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is diagnosed with hypertension. Her current medications include a calcium channel blocker and a diuretic. Despite these medications, her blood pressure remains uncontrolled. Which of the following additional medications is most likely to provide renal protection while helping to control her hypertension? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 50-year-old male with no significant medical history presents with a blood pressure of 160/100 mmHg. He has no evidence of target organ damage. Which of the following lifestyle modifications should be recommended as a first step in managing his hypertension? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 72-year-old woman is being treated for hypertension with a thiazide diuretic. She returns to the clinic complaining of frequent urination and new-onset nocturia. Which of the following side effects is most likely associated with her current medication? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 58-year-old male with hypertension is prescribed a new antihypertensive medication. Three weeks later, he reports a persistent dry cough. This side effect is most commonly associated with which class of antihypertensive drugs? 

Question 5 of 5


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