Cardiology Quiz #24: Atherosclerotic Disease

1. A 65-year-old man with a history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia presents to the clinic complaining of chest pain on exertion that resolves with rest. His lipid panel shows elevated LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol. Which of the following pathological processes is most likely responsible for his symptoms? 

Question 1 of 5

2. During an autopsy of a 70-year-old man who died of myocardial infarction, a pathologist notes the presence of complicated atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries. Which of the following components is most likely to be found within these plaques? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 55-year-old woman with a history of smoking and obesity reports intermittent claudication. Which of the following best describes the mechanism by which atherosclerotic disease leads to her symptoms? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A pathologist examines the aorta of a deceased 60-year-old man with a history of uncontrolled hypertension. The examination reveals the presence of atheromas in the abdominal aorta. Which of the following best describes the initial event in the formation of these atheromas? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 50-year-old male with a 20-year history of type 2 diabetes mellitus presents with a non-healing ulcer on his right foot. His ankle-brachial index is 0.6. Which of the following processes is most likely contributing to his condition? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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