Cardiology Quiz #8: Frank Sterling Curve

1. A 45-year-old male with a history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus presents to the emergency department complaining of shortness of breath and fatigue. Physical examination reveals an S3 heart sound, jugular venous distension, and bilateral pulmonary crackles. Echocardiography shows left ventricular dilation. Which point on the Frank-Starling curve corresponds to the patient's current cardiac function? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 30-year-old woman is brought to the emergency department after a severe car accident. She has lost a significant amount of blood. Her blood pressure is 90/60 mm Hg. Which of the following changes in cardiac function is most likely to occur due to her condition, according to the Frank-Starling law? 

Question 2 of 5

3. Which of the following best describes the effect of increased sympathetic stimulation on the Frank-Starling curve? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 65-year-old man with a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is reviewed for worsening breathlessness. Echocardiography reveals right ventricular hypertrophy. This adaptation most likely represents a shift in which direction on the Frank-Starling curve for the right ventricle? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 20-year-old athlete is found to have a significantly lower resting heart rate compared to non-athletes. This finding is most closely associated with which change in the Frank-Starling curve? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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