Gastroenterology Quiz #19: Gastritis and GERD

1. A 42-year-old woman presents with epigastric pain that worsens when she is lying down and improves upon standing. She also reports a sensation of acid reflux, particularly at night. She does not drink alcohol or use NSAIDs. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 58-year-old man with a long history of heartburn is diagnosed with Barrett's esophagus on endoscopy. Which of the following is the most significant risk factor for developing this condition? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 35-year-old man presents with a two-week history of epigastric pain. He notes that the pain is worse at night and is relieved by eating. He smokes a pack of cigarettes a day and takes ibuprofen occasionally for headaches. Which of the following is the most appropriate initial diagnostic test? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 47-year-old woman is diagnosed with chronic gastritis. Biopsy results reveal the presence of Helicobacter pylori. Which of the following areas of the stomach is most commonly affected by this type of gastritis? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A patient with a known history of GERD presents with new-onset dysphagia primarily to solids. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this symptom? 

Question 5 of 5


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