Gastroenterology Quiz #3: Tracheoesophageal Anomalies

1. A newborn presents with excessive salivation and choking episodes immediately after feeding. A nasogastric tube attempt results in coiling of the tube in the upper esophagus without passage into the stomach. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 1 of 5

2. During a prenatal ultrasound, a fetus is found to have a tracheoesophageal fistula. Which of the following embryological defects is most commonly associated with the development of tracheoesophageal fistulas?

Question 2 of 5

3. A pediatric surgeon is called to evaluate a newborn with respiratory distress and frothy saliva. Upon reviewing the prenatal records, it is noted that the mother had polyhydramnios. Which of the following is the most likely underlying cause of the newborn's condition? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 2-day-old infant with a history of tracheoesophageal fistula repair develops fever, tachypnea, and hypotension. A chest x-ray shows mediastinal widening and air fluid levels. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 4 of 5

5. During a pediatric surgery rotation, a medical student observes a procedure on an infant diagnosed with a tracheoesophageal fistula. The surgeon explains that this condition can lead to which of the following complications if left untreated? 

Question 5 of 5


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