Neurology Quiz #34: Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension and Hydrocephalus

1. A 28-year-old overweight woman presents to the clinic with a 2-month history of headaches and transient visual disturbances. Her symptoms worsen with coughing and straining. Fundoscopic examination reveals bilateral papilledema. Brain MRI shows no abnormalities. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 70-year-old man with a history of dementia, urinary incontinence, and gait disturbances is brought to the neurologist by his family. CT scan of the head shows enlargement of the ventricles without significant cortical atrophy. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 22-year-old woman with a known diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is being treated with acetazolamide. Which of the following best explains the mechanism of action of acetazolamide in reducing her symptoms? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A newborn presents with an increasing head circumference, bulging fontanelle, and downward deviation of the eyes ("sunset sign"). Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

Question 4 of 5

5. A patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) fails to improve with medication and experiences worsening vision. Which of the following surgical interventions is most appropriate for preserving the patient's vision? 

Question 5 of 5


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