Neurology Quiz #36: Neurocutanous Disorders

1. A 6-month-old boy is brought to the pediatrician for a routine check-up. The mother mentions that the child has several light brown spots on his skin since birth. On examination, the pediatrician notes more than five café-au-lait spots on his body. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 3-year-old girl is brought to the pediatrician by her parents who are concerned about a "port-wine stain" present on her face since birth. They also report that she has been experiencing seizures. Which of the following conditions is most commonly associated with these findings? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 2-year-old girl presents with multiple ash-leaf spots and a history of seizures. Cardiac examination reveals a rhabdomyoma. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 25-year-old man presents with a history of hemangioblastomas in the cerebellum and retina. He also has a family history of renal cell carcinoma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain confirms the presence of multiple hemangioblastomas. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 7-year-old boy is brought to the pediatrician due to difficulty walking and frequent falling. On examination, the pediatrician notes telangiectasias on the sclerae and skin. Laboratory tests reveal an increased alpha-fetoprotein level. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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