Renal Quiz #11Kidney Hormones

1. A 60-year-old man with chronic kidney disease presents with elevated blood pressure and a hemoglobin level of 9 g/dL. Which of the following hormones, produced by the kidney, is most likely deficient in this patient leading to anemia? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 45-year-old woman presents with weakness, fatigue, and hyperpigmentation of her skin. Laboratory tests reveal hyponatremia and hyperkalemia. A diagnosis of Addison's disease is made. Which of the following hormones would likely be increased in response to the patient's hyponatremia? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 70-year-old man with hypertension is being treated with a diuretic that inhibits the sodium-chloride symporter in the distal convoluted tubule. Which of the following changes is most likely to occur as a direct result of this medication? 

Question 3 of 5

4. In a patient with severe dehydration, which of the following hormones is primarily responsible for water reabsorption in the collecting ducts of the kidneys to concentrate the urine? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A patient with advanced heart failure presents with worsening renal function. The heart failure is causing reduced renal perfusion, stimulating the kidneys to release a hormone that leads to sodium and water retention. Which hormone is primarily responsible for this effect? 

Question 5 of 5


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