Renal Quiz #16 Kidney Stones

1. A 30-year-old man presents with severe, intermittent flank pain radiating to the groin and hematuria. He has a history of recurrent kidney stones. Analysis of a passed stone reveals it is composed primarily of calcium oxalate. Which of the following is the most likely underlying cause of his condition? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 25-year-old woman presents with recurrent urinary tract infections and is found to have struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate) stones. Which of the following organisms is most likely to be associated with her condition? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 20-year-old man with severe lower back pain is diagnosed with cystine stones after a stone analysis. Which of the following genetic abnormalities is most likely present in this patient? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 45-year-old man with a history of gout presents with kidney stone formation. Analysis of the stone reveals that it is composed of uric acid. Which of the following urine characteristics is most conducive to the formation of uric acid stones? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A patient presents with kidney stones, and laboratory tests reveal hyperoxaluria. Which of the following dietary modifications is most appropriate to recommend to this patient to reduce the risk of future stone formation? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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