Renal Quiz #19 UTIs and Pyelonephritis

1. A 25-year-old woman presents to the clinic with a two-day history of dysuria, increased urinary frequency, and suprapubic pain. Urinalysis reveals bacteriuria, pyuria, and a positive nitrite test. Which of the following is the most likely causative organism? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 32-year-old man with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus presents with fever, chills, flank pain, and a painful urination. His vitals show a fever of 38.6°C (101.5°F). A urinalysis shows pyuria, bacteriuria, and white blood cell casts. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A 28-year-old woman presents to the emergency department with high fever, nausea, and right-sided flank pain. She has a history of recurrent urinary tract infections. Which of the following risk factors is most likely contributing to her condition? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 45-year-old woman with no significant medical history presents with fever, flank pain, and dysuria. She is diagnosed with acute pyelonephritis. Which of the following is the most appropriate initial treatment? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 60-year-old man with a history of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) presents with fever, dysuria, and lower back pain. He has had two episodes of urinary tract infections in the past year. Which of the following is the most likely complication contributing to his recurrent infections? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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