Renal Quiz #26 Diuretics and Angiotension Modulating Drugs

1. A 58-year-old man with a history of hypertension and congestive heart failure is prescribed a medication that acts by inhibiting the sodium-chloride symporter in the distal convoluted tubule of the nephron. Which of the following adverse effects is most commonly associated with this class of medication? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 45-year-old woman with a recent diagnosis of hypertension is started on a medication that inhibits the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Which of the following side effects should she be specifically warned about due to its potential occurrence and impact on compliance? 

Question 2 of 5

3. A patient with cirrhosis is being treated for ascites with spironolactone. This medication exerts its effects primarily through which of the following mechanisms? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A patient with diabetic nephropathy is started on a medication that blocks the action of angiotensin II on the angiotensin II type 1 receptor. Which of the following benefits is this medication most likely to provide in the management of his condition? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A patient with acute decompensated heart failure is administered a loop diuretic in the emergency department. Which of the following electrolyte abnormalities is most likely to develop as a result of this medication? 

Question 5 of 5


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