Reproductive Quiz #14, Female Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology  

1. A 32-year-old woman presents to her gynecologist for a routine check-up. She inquires about the menstrual cycle and what regulates the cyclical shedding of the endometrial lining. Which of the following hormones is primarily responsible for initiating the menstrual phase by causing vasoconstriction and ischemia in the endometrial lining?

Question 1 of 5

2. A 28-year-old woman is undergoing evaluation for infertility. Her menstrual history is notable for irregular cycles ranging from 21 to 35 days. Which phase of the menstrual cycle varies in length among women and is responsible for the variability seen in the length of menstrual cycles?

Question 2 of 5

3. A 22-year-old woman visits her doctor complaining of severe dysmenorrhea. During the evaluation, the physician explains the role of prostaglandins in her condition. Which of the following best describes the action of prostaglandins that contributes to dysmenorrhea?

Question 3 of 5

4. A 26-year-old woman is diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The physician explains that one of the features of PCOS is an imbalance in certain hormones. Which of the following hormonal imbalances is most commonly associated with PCOS?

Question 4 of 5

5. During a lecture on female reproductive anatomy, a medical student asks about the blood supply to the ovaries. Which of the following arteries is the primary source of blood supply to the ovaries?

Question 5 of 5


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