Reproductive Quiz #4, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome  

1. A newborn presents with growth retardation, microcephaly, and a distinct facial appearance including a smooth philtrum, thin upper lip, and small palpebral fissures. The mother admits to consuming alcohol throughout her pregnancy. These findings are most consistent with which of the following conditions? 

Question 1 of 5

2. During a pediatric rotation, a medical student learns about the teratogenic effects of alcohol. Which of the following pathophysiological mechanisms is primarily associated with the development of fetal alcohol syndrome in the offspring of women who consume alcohol during pregnancy?

Question 2 of 5

3. A 6-month-old infant, born to a mother with a history of chronic alcohol use during pregnancy, presents with developmental delays and failure to thrive. On examination, the infant has hearing problems and cardiac anomalies. Which of the following cardiac defects is most commonly associated with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Question 3 of 5

4. A child with fetal alcohol syndrome is being evaluated for learning difficulties and behavioral problems. In addition to structural brain anomalies, which of the following neurodevelopmental issues is most commonly observed in children diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A pregnant woman is counseled about the risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Regarding the prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome, which of the following statements is most accurate? 

Question 5 of 5


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