Respiratory Quiz #2, Congenital Lung Malformations  

1. A newborn is diagnosed with a congenital lung malformation after respiratory distress is observed shortly after birth. A chest X-ray demonstrates a multiloculated cystic lesion within the lung. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 3-month-old infant presents with recurrent pulmonary infections. Imaging studies reveal an extralobar mass with systemic arterial supply. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 2 of 5

3. During a routine prenatal ultrasound, a fetus is found to have a single large cyst within the lung. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A newborn presents with immediate respiratory distress after delivery. A chest X-ray reveals hyperinflation of the left upper lobe with compression of the surrounding lung tissue. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

Question 4 of 5

5. A full-term newborn is noted to have difficulty breathing shortly after birth. The infant's oxygen saturation improves significantly when lying on the right side but worsens when on the back or left side. A chest CT scan shows a mediastinal shift to the right. Which of the following congenital lung malformations is most likely responsible for these findings?

Question 5 of 5


 

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