Respiratory Quiz #22, Inhalation Injury  

1. A 30-year-old firefighter is brought to the emergency department after being exposed to dense smoke during a building fire. He is coughing and complains of difficulty breathing. On examination, his voice is hoarse, and he has carbonaceous sputum. Which of the following is the most immediate concern in managing this patient? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A patient presents to the emergency room after inhaling smoke from a chemical fire. The patient is hypoxic and wheezing. The smoke is known to contain high levels of chlorine gas. Which of the following pathophysiological mechanisms is primarily responsible for the patient's respiratory symptoms? 

Question 2 of 5

3. Following a house fire, a patient is admitted with suspected inhalation injury. The patient is confused, has a cherry-red appearance to the skin, and arterial blood gas analysis shows a PaO2 within normal limits. Which of the following is the most likely cause of these findings? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A patient is brought to the emergency department after being rescued from a burning building. The patient exhibits signs of respiratory distress and has audible stridor. Which of the following interventions is most immediately required? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 25-year-old woman is admitted to the hospital after sustaining burns in a fire, along with inhalation injury characterized by difficulty breathing and carbonaceous sputum. Over the next 24 hours, she develops increasing respiratory distress. A chest X-ray shows bilateral infiltrates, and arterial blood gas analysis reveals hypoxemia. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 5 of 5


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