Respiratory Quiz #26, Physical Exam Findings in lung Disease  

1. A 60-year-old male with a 40-pack-year smoking history presents with chronic cough and dyspnea. On physical examination, you note decreased breath sounds, prolonged expiration, and wheezing, particularly at the lung bases. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis based on the physical examination findings? 

Question 1 of 5

2. A 35-year-old female presents with sudden onset of dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain. On physical examination, you note tracheal deviation to the left and hyperresonance on percussion on the right side of the chest. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 2 of 5

3. During a health screening, a 50-year-old male with no significant medical history reports mild, intermittent dyspnea on exertion. Physical examination reveals fine crackles at the lung bases bilaterally that do not clear after coughing. Which of the following conditions is most likely associated with these findings? 

Question 3 of 5

4. A 27-year-old female presents with cough, fever, and malaise. On physical examination, you note dullness to percussion and decreased breath sounds at the right lower lobe. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? 

Question 4 of 5

5. A 45-year-old male with a history of intravenous drug use presents to the emergency department with fever, weight loss, and night sweats. On physical examination, you hear a diastolic murmur best heard at the sternal border, and fine crackles are present bilaterally in the lung fields. Which of the following conditions is most likely responsible for these findings? 

Question 5 of 5


 

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